Following the First-Year Player Draft and signing period, the lottery is designed to help teams perceived to need the most assistance by awarding them extra Draft picks. The 10 smallest-market teams and 10 lowest-revenue teams will have the chance to win one of six extra selections following the first round in the 2013 Draft.
Because there is crossover between the teams in the smallest markets and with the lowest revenues, there are 13 teams this year that will be entered: the D-backs, Orioles, Indians, Royals, A's, Pirates, Padres, Rays, Reds, Rockies, Marlins, Brewers and Cardinals.
The odds of winning a Draft pick will be based on each team's winning percentage in the previous season. That means the Orioles, who had the fourth-lowest winning percentage in 2011 -- trailing only the Twins, Mariners and Astros -- are in a pretty good spot.
"If you do odds, I think we've got x-number of balls in the popper," manager Buck Showalter said. "Which [still] means you could come out with none."
There will be a second group of six picks, to be made after the conclusion of the second round. The teams from the first group that did not get one of the early picks will be re-entered, along with any other Major League team that receives revenue sharing.
This year, only one team -- the Tigers -- will be added to the second lottery. The Competitive Balance Lottery winners and the order of their picks will be unveiled on MLB Network's "The Rundown" at 2:45 p.m. ET. The Orioles are one of several teams that will have a representative at the event, sending coordinator of baseball operations Bill Wilkes.
"I think the big thing is it's the first time you are able to trade these 12 picks," Showalter said. "It's kind of uncharted territory for a lot of things."
Only a team that wins a pick in the lottery can trade it, meaning that selection can be traded just once. It can't be sold for cash, and it may only be dealt during the season. Trading can commence the day after the lottery is held and is allowed until the end of that regular season, so seeing a lottery pick or two involved in July 31 Trade Deadline deals is a possibility.
They cannot be included in any Winter Meetings deals, however, with trading of picks again permitted at the beginning of the following regular season.